Eisegesis /ˌaɪsɪˈdʒisɪs/ noun
an interpretation, esp. of Scripture, that expresses the interpreter's own ideas, bias, or the like, rather than the meaning of the text. (Compare with Exegesis)

Exegesis /ˌɛksɪˈdʒisɪs/ noun
critical explanation or interpretation of a text or portion of a text, esp. of the Bible. (Compare with Eisegesis)

Hermeneutics /ˌhɜrməˈnutɪks, -ˈnyu-/ noun
1. the science of interpretation, esp. of the Scriptures.
2. the branch of theology that deals with the principles of Biblical exegesis.